This site is built with Viewi itself. It is experimental and still in development. If you see any bugs please do not hesitate and open an issue or DM me on Twitter.

ReactPHP Integration


In this section, I will describe how to integrate Viewi with ReactPHP.

You can find the source code here


php >= 7.4



Architecture design

ReactPHP will serve our API.

And Viewi will be responsible for rendering HTML pages on the client-side as a front-end application. But also it will be responsible for rendering HTML on the server-side (SSR). In both cases, Viewi application can consume the server's API using HttpClient:

  • In the browser - AJAX
  • During SSR - simulate a request and pass it to the ReactPHP application (direct invocation)

(ReactPHP - API) <-- data --> (Viewi application)

Demo Overview

Click here: Demo Overview

Integration steps

- Install ReactPHP Http composer require react/http

- Create server.php file for server code

- Create a public folder for serving static and public files

- Install Viewi composer require viewi/viewi

- Create a demo application if you don't have any vendor/bin/viewi new -e


To run Viewi application you need to tell Viewi where to put its compiled files. It should be a public folder.

In this case, it is a public folder:

PageEngine::PUBLIC_ROOT_DIR => __DIR__ . '/../public/'

The final config should look something like this:



use Viewi\PageEngine;

return [
    PageEngine::SOURCE_DIR =>  __DIR__ . '/Components',
    PageEngine::SERVER_BUILD_DIR =>  __DIR__ . '/build',
    PageEngine::PUBLIC_ROOT_DIR => __DIR__ . '/../public/',
    PageEngine::DEV_MODE => true,
    PageEngine::RETURN_OUTPUT => true,
    PageEngine::COMBINE_JS => true


Remove your index.php which contains Viewi standalone application code, you won't need it.

Serve static files from a public folder

If you don't have a middleware for static files or your application is not behind any of the web servers (Apache, Nginx, etc.) you will need StaticFilesMiddleware (Not production-ready, only for demo purposes).



namespace App\Middleware;

use React\Http\Message\Response;

class StaticFilesMiddleware
    private string $directory;

    public function __construct(string $directory)
        $this->directory = $directory;

    public function __invoke(\Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface $request, callable $next)
        $filePath = $request->getUri()->getPath();
        $file = $this->directory . $filePath;
        if (file_exists($file) && !is_dir($file)) {
            $fileExt = pathinfo($file, PATHINFO_EXTENSION);
            $contentType = 'text/text';
            switch ($fileExt) {
                case 'js': {
                        $contentType = 'application/javascript';
                case 'json': {
                        $contentType = 'application/json';
                case 'css': {
                        $contentType = 'text/css';
                case 'ico': {
                        $contentType = 'image/x-icon';
            return new Response(200, ['Content-Type' => $contentType], file_get_contents($file));
        return $next($request);

And use it like this:

new React\Http\HttpServer(
    new StaticFilesMiddleware(__DIR__ . '/public') // path to your public folder

Request handler

The most important of the application is to handle requests. In this case, we need to handle two parts:

  • Requests that should be handled by Viewi
  • The rest of the requests should be handled by API actions

Viewi has a built-in router and it's used in this example. But it's not required, you can use any router that you like and use it with Viewi as well.

To get the route simply use Viewi\Routing\Router::resolve method:

public function __invoke(ServerRequestInterface $request)
    $match = Router::resolve($request->getUri()->getPath(), $request->getMethod());

It will contain the following information:

- $match['route'] : instance of Viewi\Routing\RouteItem

- action: string|callable - class name or callable

- $match['params'] : array of matched arguments from the path (/api/posts/{id} -> ['id' => '5'])

Next part is to handle the action. If it's callable and not a string - just call the handler:

/** @var RouteItem $route */
$route = $match['route'];
$action = $route->action;
if (is_callable($action) && !is_string($action)) {
    if ($match['params']) {
        $request = $request->withAttribute('params', $match['params']);
    return $action($request);

If not, that means we have Viewi component and we need to call render in asynchronous mode:

- Wrap the call inside of a Promise and return it

return new Promise(function ($resolve, $reject) use ($request, $action, $match) {

- Instantiate Viewi\DI\Container for isolated scope

$container = new Container();

- Register an instance of ReactHttpContext that implements Viewi\WebComponents\IHttpContext interface.

$httpContext = new ReactHttpContext($request);
$container->set(IHttpContext::class, $httpContext);

This will provide for Viewi some useful information about the current request. And also will collect response headers in case Viewi component will make redirect or access is not allowed for current user, etc.


namespace App\Http;

use Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface;
use Viewi\WebComponents\IHttpContext;

class ReactHttpContext implements IHttpContext
    private array $responseHeaders = [];
    private ServerRequestInterface $request;

    public function __construct(ServerRequestInterface $request)
        $this->request = $request;

    public function getResponseHeaders(): ?array
        return $this->responseHeaders;

    public function setResponseHeader(string $key, string $value): void
        $this->responseHeaders[$key] = $value;

    public function getCurrentUrl(): ?string
        return $this->request->getUri()->getPath();

- Run render in async mode

    function ($viewiResponse) use ($httpContext, $resolve) {
    // use $viewiResponse: string | \Viewi\WebComponents\Response
        if ($viewiResponse instanceof \Viewi\WebComponents\Response) {
                new Response(
                        'Content-Type' => 'text/html'
                    ) + $headers,
        } else if (is_string($viewiResponse)) {
                new Response(
                        'Content-Type' => 'text/html'
                    ) + $headers,

The full code is located here App\Middleware\RequestsHandlerMiddleware.php

Use it as a regular middleware:

$viewiRequestHandler = new RequestsHandlerMiddleware();
$http = new React\Http\HttpServer(
    new StaticFilesMiddleware(__DIR__ . '/public'),

ReactPHP adapter for Viewi

To make things work during SSR you need to tell Viewi how to invoke the request on the server-side by extending Viewi\Routing\RouteAdapterBase. It has the following abstract methods:

- register($method, $url, $component, $defaults); - used when you have a custom routing system. In case you use Viewi router it's not needed.

- handle($method, $url, $params = null); - used when HttpClient calls an API during SSR.

In this example we don't need register , so keep it empty:

public function register($method, $url, $component, $defaults)
    // nothing if you are using Viewi router

For the handle method we will need RequestsHandlerMiddleware to process internal requests. Let's inject it in the constructor:

 * @var callable
private $requestHandler;

public function __construct($requestHandler)
    $this->requestHandler = $requestHandler;

Next, we need to create an instance of React\Http\Message\ServerRequest and pass it to the RequestsHandlerMiddleware :

public function handle($method, $url, $params = null)
    $request = new ServerRequest($method, $url);
    $response = ($this->requestHandler)($request);

The response could be an instance of React\Promise\Promise or it could be an instance of Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface.

If it's a promise - we need to return an instance of Viewi\Common\PromiseResolver to the Viewi which will wait for React\Promise\Promise to be resolved. Otherwise - just return the response from invocation:

if ($response instanceof Promise) {
    // handle Promise
    return new PromiseResolver(function (callable $resolve, callable $reject) use ($response) {
        $response->then(function ($innerResponse) use ($resolve) {
            $data = $this->handleInternal($innerResponse); // 
        }, $reject);
return $this->handleInternal($response);

handleInternal method will take the response and convert it to Viewi\WebComponents\Response or a string (if response code is 200).

private function handleInternal($response)
    if ($response instanceof RawJsonResponse) {
        return $response->getData();
    /** @var Response $response */
    if ($response->getStatusCode() != 200) {
        return (new WebComponentsResponse())
    return json_decode($response->getBody());

In ReactPHP, response by default implements Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface , therefore the content is always a string (html or json). But if you want to use typed function arguments inside of callbacks from HttpClient requests (see example), it's recommended to use RawJsonResponse declared in App\Message\RawJsonResponse.php

    function (PostModel $post) {
        $this->post = $post;

RawJsonResponse will preserve the original data without losing the type.


The last step is to set up your server:


// php server.php

use App\Adapter\ViewiReactAdapter;
use App\Controller\AuthSessionAction;
use App\Controller\AuthTokenAction;
use App\Controller\PostsAction;
use App\Controller\PostsActionAsync;
use App\Middleware\RequestsHandlerMiddleware;
use App\Middleware\StaticFilesMiddleware;
use Viewi\Routing\Route;

require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

$viewiRequestHandler = new RequestsHandlerMiddleware();
Route::setAdapter(new ViewiReactAdapter($viewiRequestHandler));

Viewi\Routing\Router::register('get', '/api/posts/{id}', new PostsAction());
Viewi\Routing\Router::register('get', '/api/posts/{id}/async/{ms?}', new PostsActionAsync());
Viewi\Routing\Router::register('post', '/api/authorization/session', new AuthSessionAction());
Viewi\Routing\Router::register('post', '/api/authorization/token/{valid}', new AuthTokenAction());

// include viewi routes
include __DIR__ . '/viewi-app/viewi.php';

$http = new React\Http\HttpServer(
    new StaticFilesMiddleware(__DIR__ . '/public'),

$socket = new React\Socket\SocketServer(isset($argv[1]) ? $argv[1] : '');

echo 'Listening on ' . str_replace('tcp:', 'http:', $socket->getAddress()) . PHP_EOL;

- Instantiate RequestsHandlerMiddleware and keep it in a variable - $viewiRequestHandler = new RequestsHandlerMiddleware();

- set an adapter for Viewi: - Route::setAdapter(new ViewiReactAdapter($viewiRequestHandler));

- Register your actions: - For example: Viewi\Routing\Router::register('get', '/api/posts/{id}', new PostsAction());

- Include Viewi routes (for components) - include __DIR__ . '/viewi-app/viewi.php';

- Create a http server - $http = new React\Http\HttpServer(

- pass StaticFilesMiddleware if needed

- pass $viewiRequestHandler middleware

- Create a socket server - $socket = new React\Socket\SocketServer(isset($argv[1]) ? $argv[1] : '');

- Run the server by listening to the socket events: - $http->listen($socket);

And you can run it: php server.php

Thanks and feel free to review, ask questions, contribute in any way.



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